Wednesday, June 10, 2015

Arabic Morphology 101

بسم  الله الرحمن الرحميم. الحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله. أما بعد
In the name of Allah the most gracious the most merciful. Alhamdulillah and Solat and Salam to Rasul of Allah

بارك الله لي وكم في هذا الدرس صرف اللغة العربية
May Allah bless me and all of you in this lesson of Arabic Morphology

What is Arabic Morphology in Arabic?

What is it?
 عِلْمٌ يُغْرِفُ بِهِ تَغْيِيْرُ بُنْيَةِ الكَلِمَة
A science of knowing the morphing of construction of a word. Basically to know how a word "transform" to another word which will change its meaning and look-alike. For example how to know to construct the word  مَكْتَبٌ ( desk or office ) from the word كَتَبَ ( he wrote ). 

What is its benefit ?
ًمَعْرِفَةُ أَصْلِ الكَلِمَةِ مَعْناً ولَفْظا
To know the root of a word; it's meaning and it's form.

One of it usage is to find the mean of an Arabic word in a classical dictionary. This is because these kind of dictionaries sort the words by their root words. For example if you want to look out the meaning of مَكْتَبٌ you won't find this under م . This is place under ك  because the root word of مكتب is كتب

الله أعلم
Allah knows best

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